On the European Union side, the European Parliament also approved the ratification of the agreement on 29 January 2020 and the Council of the European Union approved the conclusion of the agreement by e-mail on 30 January 2020.  That is why, on 30 January 2020, the European Union also tabled its instrument for ratification of the agreement, concluding the agreement and allowing it to enter into force on the date of the UK`s withdrawal from the EU on 31 January 2020, at 11 .m GMT. Under the agreement, the UK will leave the EU at midnight Central European time on 31 January. The UK will remain in the EU internal market and customs union until the end of 2020, but none of the decision-making bodies are in place. On 15 November 2018, the day after the agreement and the support of the British government were presented, several members of the government resigned, including Dominic Raab, Secretary of State for leaving the European Union.  „The signing is a fantastic moment that finally gives the result of the 2016 referendum and ends far too many years of contention and division,“ Johnson said. For Boris Johnson, the question is why he signed a withdrawal agreement that gives the EU the power to decide whether agricultural products from Britain are fit to be exported to Northern Ireland. Boris Johnson has officially signed the EU withdrawal agreement and smiles, as he described it as a „fantastic moment“ for the country. A week before the 31 January deadline, the agreement is now finalised and discussions on the future relationship between the UK and Brussels are to begin. The withdrawal agreement was signed on Friday morning in Brussels by the President of the European Commission, Ursula von der Leyen, and Charles Michel, President of the European Council, in a somewhat reserved ceremony. Boris Johnson signed the withdrawal agreement, which took two Conservative governments and more than a year to secure. After the signing of the agreement, Michel said that „things will inevitably change, but our friendship will remain.“ The protocol also contains a unilateral exit mechanism for Northern Ireland: the Northern Ireland Assembly will vote every four years on whether these rules, which require a simple majority, should be maintained. These votes take place two months before the end of each four-year period, with the first period beginning at the end of December 2020 (when the transition period is scheduled).
 If the Assembly is suspended on that date, the GG vote shall be held. If the Assembly expresses inter-community support in one of these periodic votes, the protocol will apply for the next eight years instead of the usual four years.  However, if the Assembly votes against the continuation of these rules, the UK and the EU will be given two years to adopt new rules.   British Prime Minister Boris Johnson has threatened to withdraw from trade negotiations with the European Union if no agreement is reached by mid-October.