The agreement obliges Ukraine to carry out economic, judicial and financial reforms in order to integrate its policy and legislation with that of the European Union. Ukraine is committed to gradually complying with EU technical and consumer standards.  The EU agrees to provide Ukraine with political and financial support, access to research and knowledge and preferential access to EU markets. The agreement commits both sides to promote progressive convergence towards the EU`s common security and defence policy and the policy of the European Defence Agency. While work to sign a comprehensive and comprehensive free trade agreement between Ukraine and the EU began for the first time in 1999, formal negotiations between the Ukrainian government and the EU Trade Commissioner did not begin until 18 February 2008.  In May 2011, three issues remain unresolved in the free trade agreement: Ukrainian grain export quotas, access to the EU services market and geographical names of Ukrainian raw materials. Beyond these issues, the agreement was ready.  Despite these outstanding issues, Ukraine was ready to sign the agreement at present. Although Ukraine wanted stronger wording of the eu`s enlargement prospects and market access for its truckers, Ukraine had more than many other candidates at the same stage of the process. The final agreement was signed on July 19, 2012.  The ratification of the DCFTA was blocked by the EU due to concerns about the rule of law in Ukraine.    These include the application of selective justice and the modification of the right to vote. As a result, the role of Ukrainian oligarchs in sanctioning the agreement has also been called into question.
 The European Coal and Steel Community was established in 1952 from six Western European countries. This would lead to the European Union in 1992, as the central powers would increase and the number of members would reach 28 in 2013. The Union has a common market and in particular has the competence to conclude trade agreements. The Union has only the competence conferred on it by its Member States and, therefore, when a treaty covers areas in which it is not competent, the Member States become parties to the Treaty next to the Union. If CitEc has recognized a reference but has not linked an element of RePEc to it, you can use this form to help you. If Malta comes into force with regard to the international treaties and conventions to which Malta can join as a member state of the European Union, as well as the international treaties and conventions that Malta must ratify on its own behalf or on behalf of the European Community because of its membership of the European Union, they come into force one month after they are presented for consideration by the Standing Committee on Foreign and European Affairs.  On 22 July 2008, it was announced that a „stabilization and association“ agreement would be signed between Ukraine and the European Union.  However, in 2011, the European Union`s High Representative for Foreign Affairs, Catherine Ashton, warned Ukraine that talks on a European Union association agreement with Ukraine would continue, the process of ratifying the treaty „if there is no reversal of the action of the Ukrainian authorities“ in the face of the trial of former Ukrainian Prime Minister Yulia Tymoshenko.
 The Association Agreement must be ratified by all Member States and the European Parliament in order for this document to enter into force.  Tymoshenko`s sentence to seven years in prison on 11 October 2011 sparked national and international protests and threatened relations between Ukraine and the European Union.   Tymoshenko himself stated that his imprisonment should not prevent the European Union from establishing closer relations with Ukraine.  The signing of an association agreement between Ukraine and the European Union was postponed on 19 December 2011, although it was concluded.